Urology


Urology, also known as genitourinary surgery, is the branch of medicine that focuses on the surgical and medical diseases of the male and female urinary tract system and the male reproductive organs. The organs under the domain of urology include the kidneys, adrenal glands, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra, and the male reproductive organs (testes, epididymis, vas deferens, seminal vesicles, prostate and penis).

The urinary and reproductive tracts are closely linked, and disorders of one often affect the other. Thus a major spectrum of the conditions managed in urology exists under the domain of genitourinary disorders. Urology combines the management of medical (i.e., non-surgical) conditions such as urinary tract infections and benign prostatic hyperplasia, with the management of surgical conditions such as bladder or prostate cancer, kidney stones, congenital abnormalities, traumatic injury, and stress incontinence.

Urology-associated issues:

  • Benign prostatic hyperplasia
  • Bladder stones
  • Bladder cancer
  • Cystitis
  • Development of the urinary and reproductive organs
  • Epididymitis
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Interstitial cystitis
  • Kidney transplant
  • Kidney cancer
  • Medical specialty
  • Kidney stone
  • Prostatitis
  • Prostate cancer
  • Retrograde pyelogram
  • Retrograde 
  • Retrograde ureteral
  • Urolithiasis
  • Vasectomy
  • Vasectomy reversal

INTERESTING FACT
UROLOGY IS ONE OF THE MOST COMPETITIVE AND A HIGHLY SOUGHT-AFTER SURGICAL SPECIALTY TO ENTER FOR PHYSICIANS, WITH NEW UROLOGISTS COMPRISING LESS THAN 1.5% OF U.S. MEDICAL SCHOOL GRADUATES EACH YEAR. IN CANADA, UROLOGY IS AN EXCEEDINGLY DIFFICULT SPECIALTY TO MATCH, WITH LESS THAN 0.1% OF THE POSITION DEDICATED TO UROLOGY....Read More