Neurology


Neurology deals with the diagnosis and treatment of all categories of conditions and disease involving the central and peripheral nervous system (and its subdivisions, the autonomic nervous system and the somatic nervous system); including their coverings, blood vessels, and all effector tissue, such as muscle.

Neurological practice relies heavily on the field of neuroscience, which is the scientific study of the nervous system. 

A neurologist is a physician specializing in neurology and trained to investigate, or diagnose and treat neurological disorders. Neurologists may also be involved in clinical research, clinical trials, and basic or translational research. While neurology is a non-surgical specialty, its corresponding surgical specialty is neurosurgery.

Neurologists are responsible for the diagnosis, treatment, and management of headaches, radiculopathy, neuropathy, stroke, dementia, seizures and epilepsy, Alzheimer’s Disease, Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, Parkinson’s Disease, Tourette’s syndrome, multiple sclerosis, head trauma, sleep disorders, neuromuscular diseases, and various infections and tumors of the nervous system. Neurologists are also asked to evaluate unresponsive patients on life support in order to confirm brain death.


When surgical intervention is required, the neurologist may refer the patient to a neurosurgeon. In some countries, additional legal responsibilities of a neurologist may include making a finding of brain death when it is suspected that a patient has died. Neurologists frequently care for people with hereditary (genetic) diseases when the major manifestations are neurological, as is frequently the case. Lumbar punctures are frequently performed by neurologists. Some neurologists may develop an interest in particular subfields, such as stroke, dementia, movement disorders, neurointensive care, headaches, epilepsy, sleep disorders, chronic pain management, multiple sclerosis, or neuromuscular diseases.

INTERESTING FACT
NEUROLOGICAL DISEASES OFTEN HAVE PSYCHIATRIC MANIFESTATIONS, SUCH AS POST-STROKE DEPRESSION, DEPRESSION AND DEMENTIA ASSOCIATED WITH PARKINSON’S DISEASE, MOOD AND COGNITIVE DYSFUNCTIONS IN ALZHEIMER’S DISEASE AND HUNTINGTON DISEASE, TO NAME A FEW. HENCE, THERE IS NOT ALWAYS A SHARP DISTINCTION BETWEEN NEUROLOGY AND PSYCHIATRY ON A BIOLOGICAL BASIS....Read More