Gastroenterology is the branch of medicine focused on the digestive system and its disorders. Diseases affecting the gastrointestinal tract, which include the organs from mouth into anus, along the alimentary canal, are the focus of this speciality. Physicians practicing in this field are called gastroenterologists.
Diseases affecting the gastrointestinal tract, which include the organs from mouth to anus, along the alimentary canal, are the focus of this speciality. Physicians practicing in this field are called gastroenterologists.
They have usually completed about eight years of pre-medical and medical education, a year-long internship (if this is not a part of the residency), three years of an internal medicine residency, and two to three years in the gastroenterology fellowship. Some gastroenterology trainees will complete a "fourth-year" (although this is often their seventh year of graduate medical education) in transplant hepatology, advanced endoscopy, inflammatory bowel disease, motility or other topics.
Endoscopy involves a small thin tube with a camera on the end. This is guided down the throat to investigate problems in your oesophagus and digestive system. Small surgical instruments can be guided down in the same way, meaning it can be used for diagnosis and treatment. Run by consultants specialising in bowel-related medicine, this department investigates and treats upper and lower gastrointestinal disease, as well as diseases of the pancreas and bile duct system. This includes endoscopy and nutritional services. Sub-specialities include colerectal surgery, inflammatory bowel disease and swallowing problems. There are often endoscopy nurse specialists linked to a gastroenterology unit who are able to perform a wide range of bowel investigations.
IN 1805, PHILIPP BOZZINI MADE THE FIRST ATTEMPT TO OBSERVE INSIDE THE LIVING HUMAN BODY USING A TUBE HE NAMED LICHTLEITER (LIGHT-GUIDING INSTRUMENT) TO EXAMINE THE URINARY TRACT, THE RECTUM, AND THE PHARYNX. THIS IS THE EARLIEST DESCRIPTION OF ENDOSCOPY....Read More