Dentistry


Dentistry is a branch of medicine that is involved in the study, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of diseases, disorders and conditions of the oral cavity, commonly in the dentition but also the oral mucosa, and of adjacent and related structures and tissues, particularly in the maxillofacial (jaw and facial) area.

Although primarily associated with teeth among the general public, the field of dentistry or dental medicine is thus not limited to odontology the study of the structure, development, and abnormalities of the teeth. Because of their substantial overlap in concept, dentistry is often also understood to subsume the now largely defunct medical specialty of stomatology (the study of the mouth and its disorders and diseases) for which reason the two terms are used interchangeably in certain regions.

Dentistry usually encompasses very important practices related to the oral cavity. Oral diseases are major public health problems due to their high incidence and prevalence across the globe with the disadvantaged affected more than other socio-economic groups. The majority of dental treatments are carried out to prevent or treat the two most common oral diseases which are dental caries (tooth decay) and periodontal disease (gum disease or pyorrhea). Common treatments involve the restoration of teeth, extraction or surgical removal of teeth, scaling and root planing and endodontic root canal treatment. All dentists in the United States undergo at least three years of undergraduate studies, but nearly all complete a bachelor's degree. This schooling is followed by four years of dental school to qualify as a "Doctor of Dental Surgery" (DDS) or "Doctor of Dental Medicine" (DMD). Dentists need to complete additional qualifications or continuing education to carry out more complex treatments such as sedation, oral and maxillofacial surgery, and dental implants. By nature of their general training they can carry out the majority of dental treatments such as restorative (fillings, crowns, bridges), prosthetic (dentures), endodontic (root canal) therapy, periodontal (gum) therapy, and extraction of teeth, as well as performing examinations, radiographs (x-rays) and diagnosis. Dentists can also prescribe medications such as antibiotics, sedatives, and any other drugs used in patient management. Dentists also encourage prevention of oral diseases through proper hygiene and regular, twice yearly, checkups for professional cleaning and evaluation. Conditions in the oral cavity may be indicative of systemic diseases such as osteoporosis, diabetes, or cancer. Many studies have also shown that gum disease is associated with an increased risk of diabetes, heart disease, and preterm birth. The concept that oral health can have an impact on systemic health and disease is referred to as "oral-systemic health".


INTERESTING FACT
AN INFECTED TOOTH FROM ITALY PARTIALLY CLEANED WITH FLINT TOOLS, BETWEEN 13,820 AND 14,160 YEARS OLD, REPRESENTS THE OLDEST KNOWN DENTISTRY....Read More

Doctors in this Specialty


Dr. Leslie Liverpool


Dentistry

  • Trinidad & Tobago

Dr. Avinash Maharaj


Dentistry, Dental Surgeon

  • Trinidad & Tobago

Dr. Caroline Singh


Dentistry, Dental Surgeon

  • Trinidad and Tobago

Dr. Dexter Browne


Dentistry, Dental Surgeon

  • Trinidad & Tobago

Dr. Daryl Dulan


Dentistry

  • Trinidad & Tobago

Dr. Dionne Best


Dentistry

  • Trinidad & Tobago

Dr. Michael Amow


Dentistry

  • Trinidad & Tobago

Dr. Deepak Maharaj


Dentistry

  • Trinidad & Tobago

Dr. Ananda Bujhawan


Dentistry

  • Trinidad & Tobago

Dr. Sat Ragbirsingh


Dentistry

  • Trinidad & Tobago

Dr. Mark Ragoonanan


Dentistry

  • Trinidad & Tobago

Dr. Nadia Ramnarine


Dentistry

  • Trinidad & Tobago

Dr. Opal Roopchand


Dentistry, Dental Surgeon

  • Trinidad & Tobago

Dr. Vaughn Suite


Dentistry

  • Trinidad & Tobago

Dr. Elizabeth Prayman


Dentistry

  • Trinidad & Tobago

Dr. Rajesh Maharaj

DDS


Dentistry

  • Trinidad & Tobago

Dr. Graham Bertrand


Dentistry

  • Trinidad & Tobago

Dr. Rajesh Persad Maharaj


Dentistry

  • Trinidad & Tobago

Dr. Anne Kowlessar


Dentistry

  • Trinidad & Tobago

Dr. Ashaana Maharaj


Dentistry

  • Trinidad & Tobago

Dr. Dillon Chase


Dentistry, Dental Surgeon

  • Trinidad & Tobago

Dr. Kristian Coutou


Dentistry

  • Trinidad & Tobago

Dr. Barry K Ramcharan


Dentistry

  • Trinidad & Tobago

Dr. Devi Kanhai


Dentistry, Dental Surgeon

  • Trinidad & Tobago

Dr. Machel Buchanan


Dentistry, Dental Surgeon

  • Trinidad & Tobago
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