Chiropractic is a form of alternative medicine that focuses on diagnosis and treatment of mechanical disorders of the musculoskeletal system, especially the spin, under the belief that these disorders affect general health via the nervous system. The "specific focus of chiropractic practice" is chiropractic subluxation.
The main chiropractic treatment technique involves manual therapy, especially manipulation of the spine, other joints, and soft tissues, but may also include exercises and health and lifestyle counseling. It is the largest alternative medical profession, and although chiropractors have many similarities to primary care providers, they are more similar to a medical specialty like dentistry or podiatry. The "specific focus of chiropractic practice" is chiropractic subluxation. Traditional chiropractic assumes that a vertebral subluxation or spinal joint dysfunction interferes with the body's function and its innate intelligence. A large number of chiropractors want to separate themselves from the traditional vitalistic concept of innate intelligence.
Spinal manipulation, which chiropractors call "spinal adjustment" or "chiropractic adjustment", is the most common treatment used in chiropractic care. Spinal manipulation is a passive manual maneuver during which a three-joint complex is taken past the normal range of movement, but not so far as to dislocate or damage the joint. Its defining factor is a dynamic thrust, which is a sudden force that causes an audible release and attempts to increase a joint's range of motion.
High-velocity, low-amplitude spinal manipulation (HVLA-SM) thrusts have physiological effects that signal neural discharge from paraspinal muscle tissues, depending on duration and amplitude of the thrust are factors of the degree in paraspinal muscle spindles activation. Clinical skill in employing HVLA-SM thrusts depends on the ability of the practitioner to handle the duration and magnitude of the load. More generally, spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) describes techniques where the hands are used to manipulate, massage, mobilize, adjust, stimulate, apply traction to, or otherwise influence the spine and related tissues.
CHIROPRACTIC WAS FOUNDED IN 1895 BY DANIEL DAVID (D.D.) PALMER IN DAVENPORT, IOWA. PALMER, A MAGNETIC HEALER, HYPOTHESIZED THAT MANUAL MANIPULATION OF THE SPINE COULD CURE DISEASE. THE FIRST CHIROPRACTIC PATIENT OF D.D. PALMER WAS HARVEY LILLARD, A WORKER IN THE BUILDING WHERE PALMERS OFFICE WAS LOCATED. HE CLAIMED THAT HE HAD SEVERELY REDUCED HEARING FOR 17 YEARS, WHICH STARTED SOON FOLLOWING A "POP" IN HIS SPINE. A FEW DAYS FOLLOWING HIS ADJUSTMENT, LILLARD CLAIMED HIS HEARING WAS ALMOST COMPLETELY RESTORED....Read More