Cardiology is a branch of medicine dealing with disorders of the heart be it human or animal. The field includes medical diagnosis and treatment of congenital heart defects, coronary artery disease, heart failure, valvular heart disease and electrophysiology. Physicians who specialize in this field of medicine are called cardiologists, a specialty of internal medicine. Pediatric cardiologists are pediatricians.
All cardiologists study the disorders of the heart, but the study of adult and child heart disorders are through different training pathways. Therefore, an adult cardiologist (often unqualified and called just cardiologist) is inadequately trained to take care of children, and pediatric cardiologists are inadequately trained to take care of adults.
The surgical aspects are not included in cardiology and are in the domain of cardiothoracic surgery. For example, coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) and cardiopulmonary bypass are both surgical procedures performed by surgeons, not cardiologists. Adult cardiology Cardiology is a specialty of internal medicine. To be a cardiologist in the United States, a three-year residency in internal medicine is followed by a three-year fellowship in cardiology. It is possible to specialize further in a sub-specialty.
Recognized sub-specialties in the United States by the ACGME are:
- Cardiac electrophysiology: Study of the electrical properties and conduction diseases of the heart.
- Echocardiography: The use of ultrasound to study the mechanical function/physics of the heart.
- Interventional cardiology: The use of catheters for the treatment of structural and ischemic diseases of the heart.
- Nuclear cardiology: The use of nuclear medicine to visualize the uptake of an isotope by the heart using radioactive sources.
Recognized subspecialties in the United States by the American Osteopathic Association Bureau of Osteopathic Specialists (AOABOS) include: Clinical cardiac electrophysiology Interventional cardiology Pediatric cardiology Pediatric cardiology is a specialty of pediatrics. To be a pediatric cardiologist in the United States, it is required that a three-year residency in pediatrics is followed by a three-year fellowship in pediatric cardiology.
CARDIOLOGY IS CONCERNED WITH THE NORMAL FUNCTIONALITY OF THE HEART AND THE DEVIATION FROM A HEALTHY HEART. MANY DISORDERS INVOLVE THE HEART ITSELF BUT SOME ARE OUTSIDE OF THE HEART....Read More